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緊急避孕藥

緊急避孕藥_兩性知識

JINJIBIYUNYAO

緊急避孕離不開緊急避孕藥。生活中,避孕藥的使用已經很廣泛了。可是緊急避孕藥的那些事你知道嗎
緊急避孕藥_兩性知識

緊急避孕藥的定義

  緊急避孕藥也叫事后避孕藥,是指在無防護性生活或避孕失敗后的一段時間內,為了防止妊娠而采用的補救措施。女性在遭受意外傷害或因其他原因進行了無防護性生活,或者避孕失敗如安全套破損、滑脫以及錯誤計算安全期等可以考慮服用緊急避孕藥物,房事后72小時內有效,如果在服藥期間又有性生活那時間要重新推算。

森林舞会APP   JINJIBIYUNYAOYEJIAOSHIHOUBIYUNYAO,SHIZHIZAIWUFANGHUXINGSHENGHUOHUOBIYUNSHIBAIHOUDEYIDUANSHIJIANNEI,WEILEFANGZHIRENSHENERCAIYONGDEBUJIUCUOSHI。NVXINGZAIZAOSHOUYIWAISHANGHAIHUOYINQITAYUANYINJINXINGLEWUFANGHUXINGSHENGHUO,HUOZHEBIYUNSHIBAIRUANQUANTAOPOSUN、HUATUOYIJICUOWUJISUANANQUANQIDENGKEYIKAOLVFUYONGJINJIBIYUNYAOWU,FANGSHIHOU72XIAOSHINEIYOUXIAO,RUGUOZAIFUYAOQIJIANYOUYOUXINGSHENGHUONEISHIJIANYAOZHONGXINTUISUAN。

緊急避孕藥和常規避孕藥的區別

  CHANGGUIDUANXIAOKOUFUBIYUNYAOHEJINJIBIYUNYAOSHILIANGLEIZUOYONGJILIHESHIYONGRENQUNYOUHENDAQUBIEDEBIYUNYAOWU。CHANGGUIDUANXIAOKOUFUBIYUNYAOJIANJUANQUAN、YOUXIAO、SHUSHIDETEDIAN,SHIYONGYUSUOYOUJUYOUBIYUNXUQIUDEJIANKANGYULINGNVXING,SHIKEKAOXINGZUIGAODECHANGGUIBIYUNFANGSHIZHIYI;ERJINJIBIYUNYAOSHIWEIBIYUNHUOBIYUNSHIBAIHOU,ZUOWEIBUJIUZHIYONGDEBIYUNCUOSHI,RUXINSINUOZUOGUINUOYUNTONGDIWANDENG。

  JINJIBIYUNYAOZHUYAOZHENDUISHIHOUBUJIUXUQIU,BIYUNYOUXIAOLVYUEWEI85%,KEYIJIANSHAOYIWAIRENSHENDEKENENGXING。ERCHANGGUIDUANXIAOKOUFUBIYUNYAO,ZHIYAOZHENGQUEFUYONG,BIYUNXIAOGUOSHIFENKEKAO,BIYUNYOUXIAOLVKEDA99%YISHANG。

臨床應用

  盡管全世界不斷推廣各種避孕方法,但非意愿妊娠的人工流產的發生率仍呈增加趨勢。其原因一方面由于尚無一種常規避孕方法絕對有效,加上避孕方法的失敗和避孕方法的可獲得性的影響,非意愿妊娠時有發生。另一方面,則由于未采取任何避孕方法,據報道,我國城市地區人工流產中約有1/3至半數的非意愿妊娠發生于無防護的性交之后。為降低人工流產率,國際上于1995年開始探索有效的緊急避孕方法。緊急避孕指在無任何避孕措施的性交或避孕方法失敗后的一種預防妊娠的補救措施,可行的途徑是放置帶銅IUD或服用藥物。

緊急避孕藥的種類

  1、單方孕激素

森林舞会APP   DANFANGYUNJISULEIJINJIBIYUNYAO,CHENGFENDUOWEIZUOGUINUOYUNTONG,JUNWEIFEICHUFANGYAO。ZHUYAOYOULIANGZHONGGUIGE:YIZHONGSHI0.75HAOKE,DANCIKOUFU2PIAN,HUOSHOUCIFU1PIAN,JIANGE12XIAOSHIFUDI2PIAN,ZHELEIYI【YUTING】WEIDAIBIAO;LINGWAIYIZHONGSHI1。5HAOKE,DANCIKOUFU1PIAN,ZHELEIYI【DANMEI】WEIDAIBIAO。ZAIWUFANGHUXINGXINGSHENGHUOHUOBIYUNSHIBAI72XIAOSHIYINEI,FUYAOYUEZAO,YUFANGRENSHENXIAOGUOYUEHAO。FUYONGQIANHOUWUXUJINSHI。

  ZAILUANZISHANGWEIPAICHUZHIQIAN,DANFANGYUNJISULEIJINJIBIYUNYAOQIDAOYIZHIHUOYANCHIPAILUANDEZUOYONG,ERZAIPAILUANHOUSHIYONG,NENGSHIZIGONGNEIMODEXINGTAIFASHENGGAIBIAN,ZAOQIDECHANPIN(WEIRONGPIAN)BIYUNYOUXIAOLVNENGDADAO85%YISHANG,XIANZAIJINGGUOJIXINGGAILIANGHOUDECHANGRONGPIANJIYOUXIAOLVKEDADAO99.8%。

  2、抗孕激素

  KANGYUNJISULEIJINJIBIYUNYAODEYOUXIAOCHENGFENWEIMIFEISITONG,CHANGJIANDEPINPAIYOUSIMIANPIAN,BIYUNJIAONANG,HUADIANPIANDENG,JUNWEICHUFANGYAO。YONGYUJINJIBIYUNSHI,ZAIWUFANGHUXINGXINGSHENGHUOHUOBIYUNSHIBAI72XIAOSHIYINEI,KONGFUHUOJINSHI2XIAOSHIYIHOUKOUFU25HAOKE,FUYONGHOUJINSHI1-2XIAOSHI。

緊急避孕藥_兩性知識

  KANGYUNJISULEIJINJIBIYUNYAOJUYOUZHONGZHIZAOYUN、KANGZHUCHUANG、YOUDAOYUEJINGJICUJINGONGJINGCHENGSHUDENGZUOYONG,YUYUNTONGJINGZHENGSHOUTIERDADAOJIEKANGYUNTONGDEZUOYONG。FUYONGBUTONGJILIANGDEMIFEISITONGHUIDADAOBUTONGDEXIAOGUO:TONGCHANGQINGKUANGXIA,MEICIFUYONGMIFEISITONG10ZHI25HAOKEKEYONGYUJINJIBIYUN;FUYONG150HAOKEKEZHONGZHI49TIANNEIDERENSHEN。SHIYONGBENPINZHONGZHIZAOYUNSHIBAIZHE,BIXUJINXINGRENGONGLIUCHANZHONGZHIRENSHEN。

緊急避孕藥的副作用

森林舞会APP   1)EXIN:FUYONGJINJIBIYUNYAOHOU,EXINDEZHENGZHUANGYIBANCHIXUBUCHAOGUO24XIAOSHI。

森林舞会APP   2)OUTU:YUSHIWUTONGSHIFUYONGHUOSHUIJUEQIANFUYAOKEYIJIANSHAOEXIN、OUTUDEFASHENGLV。RUGUOZAIKOUFUJINJIBIYUNYAOHOU1XIAOSHINEIOUTU,YINGGAIJINKUAIBUFU1CI。

  3)BUGUIZEZIGONGCHUXUE:YOUXIENVXINGYONGYAOHOUHUIYOUDIANDICHUXUE,YIBANWUXUCHULI,DANYAORANGYONGYAOZHELEJIECIZHONGQINGKUANG,ZUOHAOYONGYAOQIANHOUDEZIXUN、XUANJIAO。

  4)YUEJINGGAIBIAN:DUOSHUFUNVYUEJINGHUIANSHILAICHAO,YEYOUYIBUFENFUNVYUEJINGTIQIANHUOYANCHI。RUGUOYUEJINGYANCHIYIZHOU,YINGGAIZUONIAORENSHENSHIYAN,YIMINGQUESHIFOUSHIJINJIBIYUNSHIBAI。

  5)排卵期改變:服用緊急避孕藥,會影響月經周期,女性在此之后盡量使用效率高的避孕方法,而不要再冒險使用緊急避孕藥或安全期、體外射精等不科學的避孕方法,嚴重的會導致不育。

  6)QITA:RUFANGZHANGTONG、TOUTONG、TOUYUN、FALIDENG,ZHEXIEZHENGZHUANGYIBANJIAOQINGWEI,CHIXUSHIJIANBUCHAOGUO24XIAOSHI。RUFANGZHANGTONG、TOUTONGYANZHONGZHEKEYONGASIPILINHUOQITAZHITONGYAODUIZHENGCHULI。

  禁忌人群

  八類女性不宜服用:

  1、重大疾病患者

  YOUYUJISULEIYAOWUYAOZAIGANZANGDAIXIE,CONGSHENZANGPAICHU,YONGYAOHUIJIAZHONGGANSHENGONGNENGFUDAN,GUJI、MANXINGGANYANHUOSHENYANHUANZHEJUNBUYISHIYONG。

  2、血液病及內分泌疾病患者

  BIYUNYAOHUISHININGXUEGONGNENGKANGJIN,BINGZENGJIAXUESHUANXINGCHENGDEWEIXIAN,KESHIXUETANGSHENGGAO,YINGXIANGJIAZHUANGXIANGONGNENG,SUOYIGEZHONGXUEYEBING、XUESHUANXINGJIBING、NEIFENMIJIBINGRUTANGNIAOBING、JIAZHUANGXIANGONGNENGKANGJINDENGHUANZHEJUNYINGBIMIANYINGYONG。

  3、婦科腫瘤患者

森林舞会APP   YOUYUFUKEZHONGLIU、RUFANGJIBINGDADUOWEIJISUYILAIDEJIBING,FUYONGHANYOUCIYUNJISUDEBIYUNYAOKEJIAZHONGBINGQING,YINGJINYONG。

  4、精神病患者

  SHENGHUOBUNENGZILIDEJINGSHENBINGHUANZHE,KENENGHUIFASHENGWUFUCUOFUDENGQINGKUANG,CHANSHENGBULIANGHOUGUO。

  5、月經稀少者

森林舞会APP   BIYUNYAOKENENGHUISHIYUEJINGJINYIBUJIANSHAO。

  6、年齡在45歲以上者

森林舞会APP   GAISHIQIJISUSHUIPINGBODONGJIAODA,YIBANBUYIYONGBIYUNYAOBIYUN。

  7、年齡在35歲以上但是吸煙的婦女

森林舞会APP   BUYICHANGQIFUYONG,YIMIANLUANCHAOGONGNENGZAOSHUAI。

  8、哺乳期婦女

  BIYUNYAOKEYIZHIRUZHIFENMI,BINGKEJINGRUZHIFENMIERYINGXIANGXINSHENGERDEFAYU,YINCI,BURUQIFUNVBUNENGSHIYONG。

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