森林舞会APP

小兒肺炎

【小兒肺炎】小兒肺炎怎么辦最有效_小兒肺炎后怎么護理

XIAOERFEIYAN

小兒肺炎是3歲以內嬰幼兒常見的呼吸道疾病,冬春季節高發,小兒肺炎主要表現有發熱、咳嗽、氣促、呼吸困難和肺部細濕啰音等癥狀,如果小兒肺炎沒有得到正確的護理,和徹底的治療,容易復發,甚至影響寶寶正常的發育以及心臟和呼吸

 

小兒肺炎的癥狀

 

森林舞会APP XIAOERFEIYANJIBING,YINGGAICAIQU“ZAOFAXIAN、ZAOZHILIAO”DEFANGFAJIJIMIANDUI。YIBANLAISHUO,ZHIYAOMAMAMENXIXINLIUYIHAIZIDESHENGHUOXIGUANHEJINGSHENZHUANGTAI,DOUNENGTIZAOFAXIANXIAOERFEIYAN,JISHIJIANGXIAOERFEIYANXIAOMIEZAIMENGYAJIEDUAN。XIAMIANGEIMAMAMENJIESHAOYIXIAXIAOERFEIYANDEZAOQIDIANXINGZHENGZHUANG:

持續發熱兩三天

兒童罹患肺炎時大多有發熱癥狀,體溫多在38℃以上,持續兩三天時間,退熱藥只能使體溫暫時下降一會兒,不久便又上升。兒童感冒雖然也會發熱,但體溫多數在38℃以下,持續時間較短,退熱藥的效果也較明顯。

注意:家長同時也應該警惕不發熱的小兒肺炎,寶寶患肺炎體溫可能會很高,但也可能不發燒,甚至體溫低于正常。發燒時間長短,也不能作為判斷肺炎的依據。有的寶寶發燒森林舞会APP僅兩天就已發展為肺炎,而有的寶寶發燒一周也并不是肺炎引起的。所以但從發熱并不能判斷孩子是否患了肺炎,還需結合以下幾個方面癥狀判斷。

森林舞会APP HULI:XIAOHAIFEIYANYOUCHIXUFAREDEQINGKUANG,YIBANKEYONGTOUBULENGFU、JIUJINGCAYU、WENSHUICAYUDENGFANGFAJIANGWEN,GAOREBUTUIYINGDAOYIYUANJIUZHEN。

咳嗽和呼吸困難

森林舞会APP JIACHANGPANDUANSHIFOULIHUANFEIYANHUANXUKANHAIZIYOUWUKE、CHUANHEHUXISHIFOUKUNNAN。GANMAOHEZHIQIGUANYANYINQIDEKE、CHUANDUOCHENGZHENFAXING,YIBANBUHUICHUXIANHUXIKUNNAN。RUOKE、CHUANJIAOZHONG,JINGZHISHIHUXIPINLVZENGKUAI(JIBUDAO2GEYUEYINGERHUXICISHU≥60CI/FEN;2-12GEYUEYINGER≥50CI/FEN;1-5SUIYOUER≥40CI/FEN),LIANGCEBIYIYIZHANGYIZHANGDE,KOUCHUNFAQINGHUOFAZI,YIDANCHUXIANSHANGSHUZHENGZHUANG,TISHIBINGQINGYANZHONG,BUKETUOYAN。

護理:針對小孩肺炎咳喘,家長可喂服小兒止咳糖漿等,或遵醫囑,不可隨便使用強力鎮咳劑。并且經常抱起患兒,輕拍背部或翻身,保持寶寶呼吸暢通,發現有鼻痂時,用溫開水浸軟清除,這是小兒肺炎的注意事項之一

精神狀態不佳,愛哭鬧,昏睡

森林舞会APP FUMUYAOXIANGJISHIFAXIANERTONGFEIYAN,XIXINDEMAMAMENYEYINGGAIZHUYIHAIZIDEJINGSHENZHUANGTAI。RUGUOHAIZIZAIFARE、KESOU、CHUANDETONGSHIJINGSHENHENHAO、NENGWAN、AIXIAO,ZETISHIHUANFEIYANDEKENENGXINGHENXIAO。XIANGFAN,HAIZIJINGSHENZHUANGTAIBUJIA、KOUCHUNQINGZI、FANZAO、KUNAOHUOHUNSHUI、CHOUFENG,SHAOSHUHUANERKECHUXIANZHANYUZESHUOMINGHAIZIBINGDEJIAOYANZHONG,DEFEIYANDEKENENGXINGJIAODA。HAIZIZAIHUANFEIYANCHUQIJIKENENGJINGSHENBINGWUMINGXIANBIANHUA,YEKENENGJINGSHENZHUANGTAIBUJIA。

森林舞会APP HULI:XIAOHAIDELEFEIYANHOU,JINGSHENZHUANGTAIBUHAO,GENGYAOZHUYIBAOZHENGXIAOHAIXIUXISHIJIAN,BIMIANYINGUOFENLAOLEIYINQIHUXIKUNNAN。

食欲顯著下降

森林舞会APP XIAOHAIDELEFEIYANSHIYUHUIXIANZHUXIAJIANG,XIAOERDELEFEIYAN,BUCHIDONGXI,HUOYICHINAIJIUKUNAOBUAN。

護理:如果確診孩子已經得了肺炎后,應繼續喂奶、喂食,多喝湯類食物,如果患兒食欲減退,應少量多餐,哺乳嬰兒應增加每天的喂奶次數,以增強營養與體力。

胸部聽到“咕嚕兒”、“咕嚕兒”的聲音

森林舞会APP YOUYUERTONGDEXIONGBIBO,YOUSHIBUYONGTINGZHENQIYENENGTINGDAOSHUIPAOYIN,SUOYIXIXINDEJIACHANGKEYIZAIHAIZIANJINGHUOSHUIZHUSHITINGTINGTADEXIONGBU。TINGERTONGXIONGBUSHI,YAOQIUSHIWENZAI18℃YISHANG,TUOQUHAIZIDESHANGYI,JIANGERDUOQINGQINGDITIEZAIHAIZIJIZHULIANGCEDEXIONGBI,ZIXIQINGTING。FEIYANHUANERZAIXIQISHIHUITINGDAO“GULUER”、“GULUER”DESHENGYIN,YISHENGCHENGZHIWEIXIXIAOSHUIPAOYIN,ZHESHIFEIBUFAYANDEZHONGYAOTIZHENG。

TONGSHIZIXIGUANCHAHAIZIYOUWUXIONGAOXIAN(ZAIXIQISHI,LIANGCELEIGUBIANYUANCHUNEIXIANSUIHUXIQIFU)。RUGUOCHUXIANCIQINGKUANG,ZEXUMASHANGSONGHAIZIQUYIYUANQUEZHENYIBIANJISHIZHILIAO。

 

小兒肺炎的危害

 

小孩肺炎初期,患兒多表現為精神萎靡,煩躁不安,食欲不振,哆嗦,腹瀉森林舞会APP等癥狀。重癥肺炎可合并心力衰竭、腦病、腸麻痹,治療不當,還會引發死亡。據調查顯示,現今,肺炎是第三世界國家兒童死亡率最高的疾病之一。

心臟損害。常見有中毒性心肌炎及心力衰竭。嬰幼兒心力衰竭癥狀不如成人典型,而且肺炎本身缺氧可使心率呼吸加快,容易誤診,心衰極容易造成嬰幼兒死亡。因此,若病兒表現呼吸困難突然加重,煩躁不安,面色蒼白或紫紺嚴重,小兒心跳在160-180次/分以上,而不能以體溫增高和呼吸困難來解釋時,應考慮到是否有心衰的可能。

森林舞会APP DANAOSUNHAI。HUANERQINGDUQUEYANGSHIBIAOXIANWEIFANZAOBUANHUOSHISHUI,YANZHONGDEQUEYANGKEDAOZHINAOSHUIZHONGJIZHONGDUXINGNAOBING。BIAOXIANWEILIANGYANNINGSHIHUOSHANGFAN,SHENZHIBUQING,SHENZHICHOUFENG、HUNMI,HUXIJIELVBUQIDENG,ZUIHOUYINHUXISHUAIJIEERSIWANG。

胃腸損害。輕癥患兒可引起食欲減退,嘔吐、腹瀉,重癥小兒可能出現嘔吐咖啡樣物、甚至血便(胃腸粘膜出血所致),發生中毒麻痹時表現為腹脹明顯,后者使膈肌上升壓迫肺部,發生呼吸困難,使缺氧更加嚴重,造成惡性循環。

由此看來,小兒肺炎對嬰幼兒的健康威脅很大,如果肺炎小兒同樣伴有營養不良佝僂病先天性心臟病則病情更重,而且治療困難,死亡率極高。應該注意給孩子加強營養,發現癥狀加重及早就醫,防止各種并發癥的出現。

 

小兒肺炎是什么引起的

 

新生寶寶嗆奶會引起肺炎

原因:寶寶的神經調節功能不完善,吞咽動作不能正常完成,很可能在媽媽的子宮內吞入羊水、胎糞等代謝物質,或是在出生后將奶水吞入肺中。這種情況多發生在早產兒身上。

HULI:DUIYUXINSHENGBAOBAOQIANGNAIYINQIFEIYAN,MAMAZUIANQUANDEWEINAIZISHISHIJIANGBAOBAOBAOQI,DIANGAOTOUBU,ZAIGEITAXIRUTOU。RUGUOHAIZIHENAISHILANGTUNHUYAN,NEIMEMAMAYINGGAIBUSHIJIANGQIYURUTOUFENKAI,YIMIANQIANGNAI。HEWANNAIHOUBUYAOLIKEJIANGHAIZISHUIPINGFANGZHIYUMOUCHU,ERYINGGAIXIANPAIGE。

寶寶免疫力低下容易感染肺炎

原因:寶寶自出生到三歲抵抗力很弱,因為寶寶對疾病的免疫能力較弱,容易因受到外界冷空氣的影響而受涼,而此時有的媽媽會給寶寶穿很多衣服來保暖,其實這是錯誤的,捂得更多,既不能利于寶寶的散熱排汗,也更使寶寶對外界抵抗力的影響較弱,接觸到肺病患者的飛沫或自己患上敗血癥、臍炎等各類炎癥時,肺部發生感染的幾率也會增加。

森林舞会APP HULI:TIANLENGSHIDANG“DONG”ZHUDIAN。GENJUQIWENBIANHUASHIDANGDIGEIBAOBAOZENGTIANYIWU,BUYAO“WU”DETAIHOU;PINGSHIYINGXUNXUJIANJINDIYANGCHENGYONGLIANGSHUIXILIAN、XISHOUDEXIGUAN,ZENGJIABAOBAODENAIHANNENGLI,CONGERZENGQIANGDUIJIBINGDEMIANYINENGLI。

寶寶感冒會引起肺炎

森林舞会APP YUANYIN:BAOBAOFEIYANDEFASHENG,CHANGCHANGSHIYOUYUGANMAODENGSHANGHUXIDAOGANRANERYINQI,DUOYINSHANGHUXIDAOGANRANZHILIAOBUJISHI,MANYANZHIQIGUANXINGCHENGQIGUANYAN,ZAIMANYANZHIFEIBUJIXINGCHENGFEIYAN。

森林舞会APP HULI:FUMUFAXIANHAIZIYIDANGANMAO,JIYINGJISHIDUIZHENGZHILIAO,BIMIANBINGQINGQIANYANCHENGWEIFEIYAN。RUGUOFAXIANHAIZICHUXIANKESOU、YOUTANHUOFARE(YOUXIEHAIZIRUYINGERHUANFEIYANKEYIMEIYOUFAREDEZHENGZHUANG)DENGBIAOXIAN,JIACHANGBIXUYINQIZHONGSHI,JIZAOJIUYIPAICHUFEIYANDEKENENG。

食物過甜過咸或是寶寶肺炎“導火索”

森林舞会APP YUANYIN:HELIYINSHIYEYOUZHUYUBAOBAOMIANYILIDETISHENG。XUDUOJIACHANGQIANJIUHAIZIZAOCHENGPIANSHI,AICHITIANSHIHUOZHEPENGHUAXIAOSHIPINBULIZUI,RANERGUOTIANHUOGUOXIANDEYINSHIDOUHUIYINGXIANGYANHOUBUDEJIANKANG,CONGERYINGXIANGBAOBAOFEIBU

護理:家長應幫助孩子養成良好的飲食習慣,在均衡營養不挑食的基礎上,冬季應以清淡飲食為主,多喝水,多補充富含維生素森林舞会APP的食物。如果孩子平時抵抗力較差,可以多吃一些菌類食物,如木耳、蘑菇等。

 

小兒肺炎怎么辦

 

改善呼吸功能

1)BAOCHIBINGSHIHUANJINGDESHUSHI:KONGQILIUTONG、WENSHIDUSHIYI;JINLIANGSHIDEHUANERANJING,YIJIANSHAOYANGDEXIAOHAO。

2)呼吸困難者可用半臥位,并常更換體位,以減少肺部淤血和防止肺不張

3)GEIYANG。

4)ZUNYIZHUSHIYONGKANGSHENGSUZHILIAO,CUJINQITIJIAOHUAN。

保持呼吸道的通暢

森林舞会APP 1)JISHIQINGCHUHUANERKOUBIFENMIWU:ZHUANHUANTIWEI,PAIBEI,CUSHITANYEPAICHU;GEIYUWUHUAXIRU,YIXISHITANYE;BIYAOSHIYUYIXITAN。

2)給予易消化、營養豐富的流質、半流質飲食,少食多餐,避免過飽影響呼吸;喂食時應耐心,防止嗆咳引起窒息

森林舞会APP 3)ZUNYIZHUGEIYUQUTANJI,YANZHONGCHUANBIEZHEGEIYUZHIQIGUANJIEJINGJI。

降低體溫

監測體溫的變化并警惕高熱驚厥的發生;對高熱者給予降溫措施;保持口腔和皮膚的清潔。

密切觀察病情

森林舞会APP 1)RUHUANERCHUXIANFANZAOBUAN、MIANSECANGBAI、QICHUANJIAJU、XINJIASUDAYU160~180CI|FEN、GANZANGZAIDUANSHIJIANJIJUZENGDADENGXINLISHUAIJIEDEBIAOXIAN,JISHIBAOGAOYISHENG,GEIYUYANGQIXIRUBINGJIANMANSHUYESUDU,ZUNYIZHUGEIYUQIANGXIN、LINIAOYAOWU,YIZENGQIANGXINJISHOUSUOLI,JIANQINGXINZANGFUHE。

2)RUOHUANERCHUXIANFANZAOHUOSHUI、JINGJUE、HUNMI、HUXIBUGUIZEDENG,TISHILUNEIYAZENGGAO,LIJIBAOGAOYISHENGBINGGONGTONGQIANGJIU。

正確護理

1)HELIWEIYANG,JIAQIANGTIGEDUANLIAN,YIGAISHANXIAOERHUXIGONGNENG。

森林舞会APP 2)DUIYIHUANHUXIDAOGANRANDEHUANER,ZAIHANLENGJIJIEWAICHUSHI,YINGZHUYIBAONUAN,BIMIANZHULIANG。

森林舞会APP 3)DINGQIJIANKANGJIANCHA,ANSHIYUFANGJIEZHONG。

 

小兒肺炎的治療方法

 

XIAOERFEIYANDEZHILIAOFEICHANGZHONGYAO,BIXUYAOCHEDIGENZHI,BURANRONGYIFANFUFAZUO,YINGXIANGHAIZIFAYU,WOMENKEYICAIQUYIXIAFANGFAJINXINGZHILIAO:

小兒肺炎對癥治療

森林舞会APP XIAOERFEIYANYIFARE、KESOU、QICU、HUXIKUNNANDENGWEIGONGTONGDEBIAOXIAN,SHIERTONGFEICHANGCHANGJIANDEHUXIDAOJIBING,DUIYUJIACHANG,SHOUXIANYAOLEJIEZHENGZHUANGBIAOXIAN,ZHENDUIZHENGZHUANGJINXINGQIANQIHULI

1.ZHENJING:XIAOERFEIYANYOUFANZAOBUANHUOJINGJUEDEBAOBAO,KAISHIYONGZHENJINGYAO,RUBENBABITUO、ANDINGDENG。

2.TUIRE:XIAOERFEIYANYOUFAREZHEGEIYUWULIJIANGWEN,RUBINGDAIDENG。

森林舞会APP 3.JIUZHENGSUANZHONGDU:XIAOERFEIYANYOUHUXIXINGSUANZHONGDUZHE,ZHUYAOKAOGAISHANTONGQIJIUZHENG,HEBINGDAIXIEXINGSUANZHONGDUSHIKEZHUOYONGJIANXINGYE。

4.及時糾正低血糖或低血鈣。

5.ZHIKE:XIAOERFEIYANYOUKECHUANZHE,KEWEIFUXIAOERZHIKETANGJIANGDENG,HUOZUNYIZHU,BUKESUIBIANSHIYONGQIANGLIZHENKEJI。

小兒肺炎呼吸道管理治療:促使寶寶分泌物的排出

1.FANSHENHETIWEIYINLIU:HELIDETIWEIDUIFENMIWUPAICHUZHIWEIZHONGYAO。GENJUBINGQINGMEI2~4XIAOSHIFANSHENYICI,RUYOUFEIBUZHANGSHI,KEJIANGYOUFEIBUZHANGDEYICEWEIYUSHANGFANGCEWOWEI,YILIYUFENMIWUDEPAICHU。

2.KOUBEI:YONGDAIBIANDENAIZUIHUORUANMIANZHAO,YONGWANLIQINGKOU,PINLV200CI/FEN,KOUDAQIANXIONG、YEXIA、JIANJIAJIANHEJIANJIAXIAZUOYOUGONG8GEBUWEI,MEIGEBUWEIKOU1~2FENZHONG。

3.XITAN:MEICIFANSHENPAIBEIHOUYINGXITAN,WUJUNCAOZUO,CONGKOUYANBUKAISHI,RANHOUZAIXIJINGBIQIANGNEIFENMIWU,MEICI20MIAOZHONG

4.霧化吸入:可使氣管內分泌物稀釋,容易排出,霧化液可用1/2張液(蒸餾水與生理水各半量),每日不超過10ml/kg,加入。α-糜蛋白酶、地塞米松、痰易凈及抗生素。

小兒肺炎供氧治療:針對小兒肺炎呼吸困難者

森林舞会APP XIAOERFEIYANHUICHUXIANHUXIKUNNANDEQINGKUANG,TEBIESHIZAOCHANERGENGRONGYIDAOZHIHUXIKUNNAN,SUOYIXIAOERFEIYANDEZHILIAOFANGFAWEI:ZHUOQINGCAIYONGBIGUAN、KOUZHAOHUOTOUZHAOGEIYANG。BIGUANYANGLIULIANG0.5L/min,KOUZHAOYANGLIULIANG1~2L/Min,TOUZHAOYANGLIULIANG5~8L/min,YIWEICHIDONGMOXUEYANGFENYA8~11KpaHUOQINGZIXIAOSHI。RUBUNENGJIUZHENGDIYANGXUEZHENG,KEYINGYONGCHIXUQIDAOZHENGYAHUXI(CPAP)

小兒肺炎抗生素治療:注意正確選藥

KANGSHENGSUDEKANGJUNSHAJUNZUOYONGSHIFEICHANGHAODE,KEGAOXIAOYIZHIFEIBUDEYANZHENG。

ZHENDUIBINGYUANJUNXUANZEYONGYAO。CHANGYONGKANGSHENGSUWEIQINGMEISU、ANXIAQINGMEISU、YANGPAIQINQINGMEISUJIANJITANGDAILEIKANGSHENGSU(RUDINGANKANEIMEISU),ZHONGZHENGGANRANKEXUANYONGTOUBAOLEIKANGSHENGSU。DUIYUXIJUNBUMINGQUEDEFEIYAN,YINGGENJUBINGQINGXUANZEGUANGPUKANGSHENGSU,LIANHEYONGYAO(QIZHONGYIZHONGYINGPIANZHONGYUGELANSHIYINXINGJUNYAOWU)。

森林舞会APP ZHUYI:GANGCHUSHENGDEXIAOYINGERJINLIANGBUYAOSHIYONGKANGSHENGSU

小兒肺炎并發癥治療

小兒肺炎治療不完善,可能導致心力衰竭,膿胸或膿氣胸等并發癥,那么該如何進行治療呢

1.XINLISHUAIJIE:CAIYONGKUAISUMAODIHUANGZHIJI。DIGAOXINBAOHELIANG0.03~0.04mg/kg,SHOUJIWEIBAOHELIANGDE1/3~1/2,YULIANGFEN2~3CI,JIANGE4~8XIAOSHIGEIYAO。BAOHEHOU12XIAOSHIKEGEIWEICHILIANG,WEICHILIANGWEIBAOHELIANGDE1/5,MEIRIFEN2CIGEIYU。TONGSHIXIANZHIYELIANGJIYINGYONGSUNIAODENGZHILIAO。

森林舞会APP 2.NONGXIONGHUONONGQIXIONG:LIJICHOUNONGHUOKONGQI,BINGKAOLVBISHIYINLIUSHU。

小兒肺炎中醫治療方法

ZHONGYIZHILIAOFEIYAN,ZUIZHUYAODEFANGFAJIUSHINEIFUXIANGYINGDEYAOWU。DUIYUNEIREWAIHAN、WENXIEFANFEI、ZAOXIESHANGFEI、SHIREYUFEIDENGQINGKUANG,ZHONGYIDOUNENGHENHAODEJIEJUE,FENYIXIAJIZHONGLEIXINGZHILIAO:

1.里熱外寒 證見鼻塞流涕,惡寒無汗,咳喘較重,苔白,脈浮數,此乃肺氣被遏、不得宣降。治宜清熱散寒、宣肺定喘,用麻杏甘石湯加味:麻黃3克、杏仁6克、生石膏9克、甘草3克、生桑皮9克、炙枇杷森林舞会APP葉9克、前胡3克,水煎服。如喘急加地龍6克、葶藶子6克。

2.溫邪犯肺 證見高熱神昏,鼻干無涕,頻咳少痰,苔薄黃,脈洪數。治宜清熱解毒、宣肺止咳,銀翹散加味:銀花12克、蒲公英18克、大青葉12克、葦根9克、竹葉9克、牛蒡子9克、杏仁6克、森林舞会APP腥草9克、甘草3克、羚羊粉0.5克(沖服)。咳重加桔梗6克、炙枇杷葉9克;口渴重者加花粉9克、元參9克。

3.燥邪傷肺 證見唇、舌、鼻均干,干咳少痰,痰粘難以咯出,咽喉干痛,口渴,舌紅,脈數。治宜養陰清燥、潤肺止咳,桑杏湯加減:沙參6克、杏仁6克、川貝6克、桔梗6克、全石斛9克、甘草3克、胖大海9克、花粉6克,皮為引。燥甚者加青果9克、麥冬9克。

森林舞会APP 4.SHIREYUFEI ZHENGJIANXIONGMANTANZU,BIYISHANDONG,HOUZHONGTANSHENGZHONGZHUO,TAIHOUNI,MOHUASHU。ZHIYIQINGFEIKAIYU、DITANQUZHUO,

QIANJINWEIJINGTANGHEBEIMUGUALOUSANJIAJIAN:WEIGEN9KE、DONGGUAZI9KE、SHENGYIREN9KE、SHENGSANGPI9KE、GUALOU6KE、XINGREN6KE、ZHEBEI9KE、LAIFUZI9KE、TIANZHUHUANG3KE。TANTUBUSHUANGZHEJIABANXIA3KE、ZHURU6KE。

小兒肺炎用藥禁忌及誤區

亂服用清熱藥

JINYINCHA、QINGGUO、BANLANGENCHONGJIDENGQINGREYAO,DUIFEIYANHUANERYOUYI。DANBUNENGJIAOCHANGSHIJIANFUYONG,TEBIEDUITIZHIJIAORUOZHE,WUQINGYIFUYONGQINGREYAO。FOUZE,HUISHANGJIRENTIZHENGQI,SHIYUANLAIDEZHENGZHUANGJIAJU。

酸性藥物和食品

五味子、烏梅、維生素C、酸果、橘子、食森林舞会APP等味酸,能斂、能澀、有礙汗出解表。

濫用退熱藥

GANGFAREJIUYONGGUODUODETUIREYAO,BUJINDUIJITIBULI,ERQIEHUANKENENGYANGAIBINGQING,YANWUZHILIAO。YINCI,DUIFAREHUANERYINGSHENYONGTUIREYAO,QIEJIYONGYAOGUODUO,YIFANGTIWENZOUJIANG,DAHANLINLI,FASHENGXUTUO。

肺炎用藥沒起色,馬上換藥

BAOBAODELEXIAOERFEIYAN,DANGFUMUDEKENDINGFEICHANGZHUJI,CHIYAOHOUMEIHAOZHUAN。BAMAMENXINLIJIUHUIHUAIYI,SHIBUSHIZHEZHONGYAOMEIYOUXIAO,YINGGAIHUANYIZHONGYAO。DANQISHIYOUXIEZHILIAOYAOWUBINGBUSHILIGANJIANYINGDE,QIXIAOYAOYOUYIDINGDESHIJIAN。YUANZESHANG,RUGUOBINGQINGMEIYOUEHUA,XUPEIHEYISHENGJIANCHIYONGYAO3TIAN,ZAIPINGJIALIAOXIAO,PINFANHUANYAOBULIYUJIBINGKONGZHI。

肺炎用藥有好轉,馬上停藥

FEIYANYONGYAOHOUBUZAIFASHAOLE,FUMUMENJIUJUEDEBAOBAOYIJINGHAOZHUAN,XIANGYAOTINGYAO,ZHEZHONGZUOFASHICUOWUDE,YINWEIXUYONGDUOCHANGSHIJIANKANGSHENGSU,YINGGENJUBINGQING、BINGYUAN、GETIQINGKUANGERDING,YIDINGYAOTINGCONGYISHENGZHIDAO,RUGUOFUMUSHANZIBUGUIZEYONGYAO,YONGYONGTINGTINGHUIZAOCHENGNAIYAO,CONGERDAOZHIQIANYANXINGHUOMANXINGFEIYAN。

 

寶寶肺炎后怎么護理

 

XIAOBAOBAOZAIFEIYANDEHUIFUQIHENRONGYIFANFUGANRAN,YINWEIBAOBAOZHESHIDIKANGLIHUANMEIYOUHUIFU,RUGUOBAOBAOHUIFUQIKESOUDENGZHENGZHUANGHENMINGXIAN,JIANYININDAIHAIZIDAOYIYUANKANKAN,RANGYISHENGTINGTINGFEIBUDEQINGKUANG。

森林舞会APP BAOBAOFEIYANHUIFUQIJIAN,ZHUYIBAOZHENGBAOBAODEZHENGCHANGXIUXI,BIMIANYINGUOFENLAOLEIYINQIHUXIKUNNAN

保持室內空氣新鮮和一定濕度,以利于咳出分泌物,每天通風不小于2小時,并且給寶寶穿合適的衣服保暖,防止寶寶感染感冒病毒

肺炎患兒常伴有高熱、胃口較差、不愿進食,所以飲食宜清淡、易消化,同時保證一定的優質蛋白。伴有發熱者,給予流質飲食(如人乳、牛乳、米湯、蛋花湯、牛肉湯、菜湯、果汁等),退熱后可加半流質食物(如稀飯、面條、蛋糕之類的食品),因為肺炎患兒水分的蒸發比平時多,故必須補充適量的糖鹽水。

注意加強鍛煉,可根據年齡選擇適當的鍛煉方法。如果孩子成天居住在門窗緊閉的居室內,對外界空氣適應能力就差。到戶外活動時,注意適當增加衣服。社會上感冒流行時,不要帶孩子到公共場所去。家里有人患感冒時,不要與孩子接觸。

 

小兒肺炎如何預防

 

媽媽定期做產前檢查

羊水或胎糞吸入性肺炎,預防的關鍵是防止胎兒發生宮內缺氧。母親在懷孕期間定期做產前檢查是非常必要的,尤其是在懷孕末期,可以及時發現胎兒宮內缺氧的問題,采取相應的監護和治療措施,以盡量減少吸入性肺炎的發生及減輕疾病的嚴重程度。

小寶寶預防感染:保持自身衛生清潔

森林舞会APP XIAOERFEIYANSHIYIZHONGSHANGHUXIDAODEGANRANJIBING,JUYOUCHUANRANXING,YOUYUBAOBAODIKANGLIJIAOCHA,RONGYISHOUDAOWAIJIEDEYINGXIANG,XIRUBUHAODEFEIQI。SUOYIYAOZHUYIYUFANGGANRAN,BAOCHIWEISHENGDEQINGJIE。

CHUSHENGQIAN:MUQINYUNQIYINGYUFANGGANRAN。ZUOHAOYUNQIBAOJIAN,BAOCHISHENGHUOHUANJINGDEQINGJIEWEISHENG、ZHUYIGERENWEISHENG,FANGZHIGANRANXINGJIBINGDEFASHENG。

CHUSHENGHOU:SHENGHUOKONGJIANYAOJIEJINGSHUSHI,YIBEI、NIAOBUYINGROURUAN、GANJING,BURUYONGJUYINGXIAODU。FUMUHEHULIRENYUANYINGZHUYIWEISHENG,ZHUYIXISHOU。BIMIANJIECHUGANMAOHUANZHE,RUOMUQINGANMAO,YINGDAIKOUZHAOWEINAI。FAXIANHAIZIYOUQIYANHUOPIFUGANRANDENGQINGKUANGSHI,LIJIZHILIAO,FANGZHIBINGJUNKUOSAN。BAOBAOCHUSHENGHOU,DIYISHIJIANJIANGQIBIQIANGNEIDEFENMIWUQINGLIGANJING。YINGERFANGZHISHAOYAOBAOCHIMEITIANTONGFENG2CIDEPINLV,JISHIGANZOUHUNZHUODEKONGQI。

正確喂奶,防止嗆奶

森林舞会APP BAOBAOHUANBINGQIJIANYANGCHENGDEWEIYANGXIGUAN,MAMAMENBUXUYAOZUOTAIDADEGAIBIAN,DANXUYAOFANGZHIQIANGNAI。ZUIANQUANDEWEINAIZISHISHIJIANGBAOBAOBAOQI,DIANGAOTOUBU,ZAIGEITAXIRUTOU。RUGUOHAIZIHENAISHILANGTUNHUYAN,NEIMEMAMAYINGGAIBUSHIJIANGQIYURUTOUFENKAI,YIMIANQIANGNAI。HEWANNAIHOUBUYAOLIKEJIANGHAIZISHUIPINGFANGZHIYUMOUCHU,ERYINGGAIXIANPAIGE。

寶寶飲食正確喂養

森林舞会APP BAOBAOYOUYUXIAOHUADAOFAYUBUWANQUAN,ZAIYINSHISHANGYAOCHIYIXIAOHUA、GAORELIANGHEFUYOUWEISHENGSUDESHIWU,YIRUANDESHIWUZUIHAO,YOULIYUXIAOHUADAODEXISHOU。YINSHIJIANGJIUSHAOLIANGDUOCI,DUOCHIYIXIEJUNLEISHIWU,RUMUER、MOGUDENG。

ZHUYI:JINLIANGBIMIANSHIWUGUOTIANGUOXIAN,YINWEIGUOTIANHUOGUOXIANDEYINSHIDOUHUIYINGXIANGYANHOUBUDEJIANKANG,CONGERYINGXIANGBAOBAOFEIBU

鍛煉身體增強抵抗力

小兒增強抵抗力就可以減少病毒的感染,讓小兒堅持鍛煉身體,增強抗病能力,同時注意氣候的變化,隨時給小兒增減衣服,防止傷風感冒。教育小兒養成良好的衛生習慣,不隨地吐痰,讓嬰幼兒多曬太陽。不斷地增強嬰幼兒的抗病能力是預防該病的關鍵。

 

關于小兒肺炎的疑難解答

 

Q:接種了肺炎疫苗就不會得肺炎了嗎?

A:FEIYANYIMIAOSHIFEIYANQIUJUNYIMIAODEJIANCHENG,JINDUIFEIYANQIUJUNGANRANYOUYIDINGDEYUFANGZUOYONG,ERDUIQIYUYINQIFEIYANDEBINGDU、XIJUN、ZHIYUANTI、YIYUANTIDENGGANRANMEIYOUXIAOGUO。SUOYISHUO,JIEZHONGFEIYANYIMIAOHOUBUDENGYUBUHUIDEFEIYANLE,ERSHIJIANSHAOLEHUANSHANGFEIYANQIUJUNFEIYANDEJIHUI。

Q:肺炎一定要住院治療嗎?

A:FEIYANBUYIDINGYAOZHUYUANZHILIAO,FEIYANFENWEIBUTONGDELEIXING,ZHILIAODESHIHOUYEYINGGAIYOUSUOZHENDUI,CAIYONGBUTONGDEZHILIAOFANGFA,YOUBINGDUGANRANYINQIDE,YIBANCAIYONGKANGBINGDUDEYAOWU,XIJUNGANRANZESHILIYONGKANGXIJUNDEYAOWU。RUGUOBINGRENGANRANLEFEIYAN,HUOZHECHUXIANYISIZHENGZHUANG,YINGJINKUAILAIYIYUANZHENDUANZHILIAO,YIBANDEFEIYANZAIMENZHENSHANGDAZHENHUOZHECHIYAO,JIUWANQUANKEYIKANGFU。

Q:患肺炎的孩子需要隔離嗎?

A:FEIYANSUIRANSHITONGGUOHUXIDAOCHUANBODEJIBING,DANSHIBINGFEICHUANRANBING,BUXUYAOGELI。DANGRANHAIZIHUANSHANGFEIYANHOU,XUYAOGENGDUODEZHAOGUHEXIUXI,JITISHENGHUOZHONGDEHAIZIKEYIJINXINGJUJIAHULI,YANZHONGSHIYAOZHUYUANZHILIAO。

Q:肺炎很容易復發嗎?

A:FEIYANCHEDIZHILIAOKANGFUHOU,BINGMEIYOUFANFUFAZUODEQINGXIANG,CHUFEIZHILIAOSHIJIANGUODUANHUOBUCHEDI,JIMEIYOUWANQUANZHIYU。

  • 小兒肺炎
  • 小兒肺炎有多危險 小兒肺炎呼吸困難怎么辦
    小兒肺炎有多危險 小兒肺炎呼吸困難怎么辦
  • 小兒肺炎的癥狀
    小兒肺炎的癥狀
  • 小兒肺炎反復發作怎么辦
    小兒肺炎反復發作怎么辦
  • 嬰幼兒肺炎也要輸液嗎
    嬰幼兒肺炎也要輸液嗎
  • 小兒肺炎嚴重嗎
    小兒肺炎嚴重嗎
  • 小兒肺炎發燒怎么辦
    小兒肺炎發燒怎么辦

熱門文章推薦

  • 羊水穿刺什么時候做?

    YANGSHUICHUANCIYONGYUCHANQIANZHENDUANDEZUIJIASHIJIANSHIZAIRENSHEN18~22ZHOUZHIJIAN,CISHITAIERXIAO,YANGSHUIXIANGDUIJIAODUO,TAIERPIAOZAIYANGSHUIZHONG...

  • 月經推遲的原因有哪些?

    森林舞会APPZHENGCHANGDEYUEJINGXUYAOCHUITI、LUANCHAO、ZIGONGNEIMODOUYOUZHENGCHANGDESHENGLIHUODONG。RUGUOYUEJINGTUICHI,YIBANSHIZHE3GEBUWEICHUXIANWENTI...

  • 記錄我對抗HPV的心路歷程

    17NIAN4YUEYUNJIANDESHIHOUCHACHULAIHPV1652YANGXING,DANGSHIBUDONGSHENMEYISI,HUANTINGKONGHUANGDE,DANSHITCTJIEGUOSHIHAODE,BAIDAIJIANCHAYESHIHAODE。...

  • 懷孕多久有反應?告訴你六

    森林舞会APPNVRENHUAIYUNDUOJIUCAIHUIYOUFANYING?DUIYUHUANBUCENGYOUGUOBAOBAODENIANQINGNVXING,HUAIYUNZHIHOUSHENTIHUIFASHENGNAXIEYICHANGFANYINGHUOBIAOXIAN,SHITAMENBIXUYAOXUEXIDEJIANKANGXIAOZHISHI。...

  • 用這10個方法,懷孕10天就

    森林舞会APPHUAIYUNSHIRENSHENGZHONGDEZHONGDAQINGKUANGZHIYI。MEIGERENHUAIYUNCHUQIDEZHENGZHUANGDOUYOUYIXIEBUTONG,RUHEZHENGQUEBIANBIE,JINKUAIFAXIANHUAIYUN,DUIJIJIANGCHENGWEIMUQINDENVXINGLAISHUOFEICHANGZHONGYAO。...

  • 原來懷孕10天就有這么明顯

    ZHONGSUOZHOUZHI,YUEJINGTINGZHISHIHUAIYUNZAOQIZUIZAO、ZUIZHONGYAODEXINHAO,QIEYIDANYUEJINGTINGZHI,HAODUOXIAOHUOBANMENJIUHENXIANGZHIDAOZIJISHIFOUYIJINGHUAIYUNLE。...

?